Although UNESCO has, since its foundation in 1945, been denouncing illiteracy worldwide, and although its efforts were already preceded by the Revolution of October 1917 that initiated the battle to curb it with the organization of a huge literacy campaign in its wake, such campaigns were, for many years, considered to be an end in themselves, integral to the right to education for all human beings, whose founding principle was more formally enshrined in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Sacrificing considerable resources on the altar of humanity’s cultural emancipation was undoubtedly a benevolent ambition, but one that would inevitably end in conflict given the challenges that were soon to face the region that would come to be known as the Third World, not least among them the challenge of assuring its survival.
Download: Alphabétisation 1919–1999: mais que sont devenues nos campagnes? (Literacy 1919-1999: What’s Become of Our Campaigns?) (PDF 9.59 MB)
- Author/Editor: Verhaagen; Alain
- Alphabétisation 1919–1999: mais que sont devenues nos campagnes?
- UIE, 1999
- ISBN 92-820-2080-0
- Available in: French